Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University

Каф. конструювання верстатів, інструментів та машин

Cutting tools


1. Educational programs for which discipline is mandatory:

# Educational stage Broad field Major Educational program Course(s) Semester(s)
1 bachelor's 13. Механічна інженерія 131. Прикладна механіка (бакалавр) 3 6-7

2. The course is offered as elective for all levels of higher education and all educational programs.

3. Information about the author of the course

Full name Shanaida Volodymyr
Academic degree Cand. Sc.
Academic title Assoc. Prof.
Link to the teacher`s page on the official website of the department
Е-mail (in the domain

4. Information about the course

Study hours structure Lectures: 52
Practical classes: 16
Laboratory classes: 18

Amount of hours for individual work: 184
ECTS credits: 9
Teaching language english
Form of final examination credit
Link to an electronic course on the e-learning platform of the university

5. Program of discipline

Description of academic discipline, its goals, subject of study and learning outcomes

The specialist in the production activity should decide on the choice of a cutting tool for a given technological process and type of production, to have modern methods of designing different types of cutting tools, and also to know the conditions of its operation and effective use.
Purpose of the discipline "Cutting tool" - to study the structure of the main types of cutting tools, to master modern approaches to the calculation, design and maintenance of cutting tools, to master the base of modern tool materials, to learn the principles of choice of cutting tools to ensure the implementation of the technological process and properly exploit it.

The place of academic discipline in the structural and logical scheme of study according to the educational program

Prerequisites. List of disciplines, or knowledge and skills, possession of which students needed (training requirements) for successful discipline assimilation

Theory of cutting

Contents of the academic discipline

Lectures (titles/topics)

Topic № 1. Introduction. Subject "Cutting tool", its task and place in the training process of specialists.
History of development and the current state of the tool industry. Determination, classification and purpose of the cutting tool. Requirements for the cutting tool.
Topic № 2. Materials for the production of cutting tools.
Materials for manufacturing various parts of cutting tools. Materials of the working part of tools: steel tools, solid alloys, mineral ceramics, abrasives, diamonds and superhard materials
Topic № 3. Basic principles of construction of cutting tools.
The principle to process by cutting tool. The structure of the cutting tools: the cutting part, the fastening part. The main tasks of designing and calculating cutting tools. Design of technical documentation for a cutting tool.
Topic № 4. Lathe tools
Classification of cutters. Cutting for external and internal machining. Singl-point threading tool. Brazed-tip tool and Clamped-tip tool. Lathe tools equipped with diamond, super hard materials and mineral ceramics.
Topic № 5. Special Cutting Tools
Planing tools and slotting tools. Chip breaker. Calculation of cutting tools for durability and stiffness. Features of the design of the working drawing.
Topic № 6. Form tools.
Purpose and the field of use of Form tools. Classification of Form tools and their design features. Calculation of Form tools. Calculation Algorithm. Block diagram of calculation of Form tools.
Topic № 7. Tools for processing holes. Drills
Purpose, scope and features of drilling. Types of drills and their classification. Constructive features of different types of drills. Calculation of the drill strength.
Topic № 8. Tools for processing holes. Core drills.
Appointment, field of use of Core drills. Classification of Core drills. Constructive features of different types of Core drills. Elements of calculating Core drills.
Topic № 9. Tools for processing holes. Reamer.
Purpose and the field of use a Reamer. Classification for Reamer. Constructive features of different types of Reamer. Elements of calculation and designing of Reamer.
Topic № 10. Construction of broaches.
Purpose and the field of use a broach. Classification for broaches. Schemes of cutting and methods broach for use. Broaches for circular holes: structure, cutting forces, strength calculation, technical requirements for manufacturing. Algorithm for calculation of round broach. Features of the design of various types of broaches: sets of broaches, keyway broaches, broaches f spline, broaches for external broaching (surface broaching).
Topic № 11. Constructing of milling cutters.
Setting and area of the use of milling cutters. Classification of milling cutters. Structural features of different milling cutters: cylindrical milling cutters, face milling cutters, disk milling cutters, end milling cutters, milling cutters with form-relieved teeth
Topic № 12. Constructing of instruments for making of screw-thread.
Basic concepts and classification of instruments are for formation of screw-thread. Features of structure and construction of different types of instruments for formation of screw-thread :, Taps, thread cutting die, threaded milling cutters, thread cutting heads, Instruments for thread rolling of screw-thread.
Topic № 13. Gear-milling cutters
Generals of planning of instruments. Types of gear cutting instruments. Gear-tooth side milling cutters. Gear-tooth end milling cutters. Multiple-blade gear-cutting heads.
Topic № 14. Instruments are for cutting of teeth of gear-wheels
Worm hob milling cutters. Gear shaper cutter. Rack-type gears.
Topic № 15. Instruments are for clean treatment of gear-wheels
Classification of instruments is for clean treatment of gear-wheels. Setting and area of the use. Shavers: types and setting, Construction of shavers
Topic № 16. Instruments are for cutting of teeth of conical gear-wheels
Methods of making of conical gear-wheels and their description. Milling of conical wheels by disk and Gear-tooth end module milling cutters.
Topic № 17. Constructing of Worm hob milling cutters for spline.
Principles of work and types of instruments. Types of details, by processed instruments for Generating methods. Worm milling cutters: setting and area of the use, methods of determination of profile of tooth of milling cutter for formation a straight spline, overall and structural parameters worm - spline milling cutters, Algorithm of calculation worm - spline milling cutters
Topic № 18. Abrasive cutting instruments.
Setting and area of the use of abrasive and diamond instruments. Abrasive instruments: classification, description of abrasive instruments and their marking, exploitation of abrasive instruments.

Practical classes (topics)

History of development of instrumental production. Prominent figures of industry.
Instrumental materials
General principles of design of cutting instruments
Heat treatment of cutting instruments
Wear and defects of cutting part of metal-working instruments
An analysis of methods of crushing and taking a chip from the zone of cutting
Analysis of criteria of the optimal design of collapsible hard-alloy instruments.
Lathe instruments are equipped by carboloies

Construction, types and geometry of instruments for combine mill with blade of hard alloy metal
Geometry and construction of combine tools for machining holes:
core drills with blade of hard alloy metal
reamer with blade of hard alloy metal

Laboratory classes (topics)

Structural and geometrical parameters of lathe tools :
for external treatment
for internal treatment
for cutting of screw-thread
Basic types of instruments for machining holes, their geometry and structural features
core drills
Structural and geometrical parameters of
push broach
Milling cutters, their geometry and structural features.
Construction, types and geometry of instruments for formation of screw-thread :
thread cutting die
thread cutting heads and flat thread-rolling die

Geometry and construction of gear cutting instruments:
gear-tooth side milling cutters
gear-tooth end milling cutters
worm module milling cutters
gear shaper cutters

Learning materials and resources

1. George Schneider,Jr. Cutting tool Application (e-resource/pdf-file)
2. Graham T. Smith Cutting Tool. Technology. Industrial Handbook. Springer. – 605 p.
3. Machinery's Handbook 27th Edition.Industrial Press, Inc., New York, NY – 2004, - 1004 p.

6. Policies and assessment process of the academic discipline

Assessment methods and rating system of learning results assessment

Module 1 Module 2 Final control total on discipline
Classroom work and self study Classroom work and self study
Theoretical classes (tests) Practical classes Theoretical classes (tests) Practical classes
22 20 20 13 25 100
№ of lecture Types of classes Point № of lecture Types of classes Point
Lecture 1 Lab. Work. №1 6 Lecture 8 Lab. Work. №2 6
Lecture 2 Lab. Work. №1 6 Lecture 9 Lab. Work. №2 6
Lecture 3 Lab. Work. №1 6 Lecture 10 Lab. Work. №3 6
Lecture 4 Lab. Work. №1 6 Lecture 11 Lab. Work. №4 5
Lecture 5 Lab. Work. №5 6 Lecture 12 Lab. Work. №5 5
Lecture 6 Lab. Work. №6 6 Lecture 13 Lab. Work. №7 5
Lecture 7 Lab. Work. №2 6

Table of assessment scores:

Assessment scale
(100 points)
(4 points)
90-100 Excellent А
82-89 Good B
75-81 C
67-74 Fair D
60-66 E
35-59 Poor FX
1-34 F
Approved by the department
(protocol №
on «