Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University

Каф. біотехнічних систем

Fundamentals of biomechanics


1. Educational programs for which discipline is mandatory:

# Educational stage Broad field Major Educational program Course(s) Semester(s)
1 bachelor's 16. Хімічна та біоінженерія 163. Біомедична інженерія (бакалавр) 2 3

2. The course is offered as elective for all levels of higher education and all educational programs.

3. Information about the author of the course

Full name Паляниця Юрій Богданович
Academic degree Cand. Sc.
Academic title Assoc. Prof.
Link to the teacher`s page on the official website of the department
Е-mail (in the domain

4. Information about the course

Study hours structure Lectures: 32
Practical classes: 0
Laboratory classes: 32

Amount of hours for individual work: 116
ECTS credits: 6
Teaching language english
Form of final examination credit
Link to an electronic course on the e-learning platform of the university

5. Program of discipline

Description of academic discipline, its goals, subject of study and learning outcomes

The purpose of studying the discipline: students gain knowledge in the field of modern biomechanics and study the concepts and methods of biomechanics of the human body

Objectives of the discipline: students learn basic theoretical knowledge and practical skills to solve specific problems of biomechanics, developing the ability to use the basic laws of mechanics to explain processes in biological systems and build models of biological environments, mastering modern software packages for numerical calculations of biomechanics.

The place of academic discipline in the structural and logical scheme of study according to the educational program

Prerequisites. List of disciplines, or knowledge and skills, possession of which students needed (training requirements) for successful discipline assimilation

Higher mathematics

Contents of the academic discipline

Lectures (titles/topics)

Topic 1. Subject, research methods, history of biomechanics

Topic 2. Mechanical properties of biological tissues and devices of the musculoskeletal system of man

Topic 3. Biomechanical system, biomechanical pairs and biokinematic circuits

Topic 4. Degrees of freedom in biokinematic chains

Topic 5. Biomechanical characteristics of human movements. Kinematic and dynamic features of human movements

Topic 6. Determination of inertial characteristics

Topic 7. Power characteristics of human movements Power characteristics of human movements

Topic 8. Energy characteristics of human movement

Topic 9. Lever system of the human musculoskeletal system

Topic 10. Pendulum principle of motion of individual links. . "Golden rule" of mechanics in human movements.

Laboratory classes (topics)

1. Determination of kinematic characteristics of rotary body movement and analysis of the dependence of human movement on the action of gravity
2. Determination of the position of the general center of gravity of the human body by graphic method
3. Determination of the position of the general center of gravity of the human body by analytical method
4. Determination of the moment of inertia of the human body when performing motor actions
5. Determination of the moment of strength of muscle

Learning materials and resources

1. Oatis, Carol A. Kinesiology: the mechanics and pathomechanics of human movement. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009.
2. Ansari, Aneel. Musculoskeletal Biomechanics: Paul Brinckmann, Wolfgang Frobin, Gunnar Leivseth (Eds.), Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, 2002, 243 pp., price£ 36, ISBN 3-13-130051. Injury 34.7 (2003): 559.
3. Vogel, Steven. Comparative biomechanics: life's physical world. Princeton University Press, 2013.
4. Enoka, Roger M. Neuromechanics of human movement. Human kinetics, 2008.
5. Fung, Yuan-cheng. Biomechanics: mechanical properties of living tissues. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.
6. Harburn, Karen. Joint Structure and Function: A Comprehensive Analysis. The Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy 68.5 (2001): 321.

6. Policies and assessment process of the academic discipline

Assessment methods and rating system of learning results assessment

* Module 1
- Theoretical course (testing): 10
- Practical work: 20
* Module 2
- Theoretical course (testing): 10
- Practical work: 30
* Final semester grade (for every three points of the semester grade the student gets1 point of the final semester
estimates automatically)

Table of assessment scores:

Assessment scale
(100 points)
(4 points)
90-100 Excellent А
82-89 Good B
75-81 C
67-74 Fair D
60-66 E
35-59 Poor FX
1-34 F
Approved by the department
(protocol №
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